Would you recognize any of these items if you found them on the sidewalk?
How about in your child’s bedroom?
What is Vaping?
Vaping, often known among youth as Juuling, is the act of inhaling and exhaling an aerosol (yes, you read that correctly, aerosol NOT vapor—think air freshener, bug spray or AQUANET) produced by an electronic cigarette or similar device. Most vaping devices consist of a mouthpiece, a battery, a cartridge that contains e-liquid or e-juice, and a heating component that is powered by a battery. When the device is used, the battery heats up the heating component, which turns the contents of the e-liquid into an aerosol that is inhaled into the lungs and then exhaled.
E-liquids and Flavoring
The e-liquid in vaping devices usually contains:
propylene glycol or vegetable glycerin
flavorings (i.e. Diacetyl)
nicotine, or THC (the chemical responsible for most of marijuana's mind-altering effects)
cancer causing chemicals and metals such as acrylonitrile, acrolein, acrylamide, propylene oxide, and crotonaldehyde
Studies are finding that even flavored liquids that do not contain nicotine or THC still deliver high levels of nano-particles, which deposit deep in the lungs.
Unlike the Food and Drug Administration’s regulations that are in place for traditional cigarettes, e-liquids are not held to the same standards. For example, traditional cigarettes can only be tobacco or menthol flavored, while e-liquid flavors number in the thousands. These flavor choices make them attractive to young people. Some popular flavors of e-liquids include:
chocolate chip cookie
Do you recognize any of these flavor brands?
Back to the Future
Do you remember Joe Camel? Chances are young people today do NOT.
The reason: Restrictions were placed on “Big Tobacco” companies by the Federal Trade Commission that prevented them from advertising on billboards, radio and television.
“Big Tobacco” companies are the manufacturers of most vaping products. The regulations on advertising for vaping products however, are not regulated in the same way as traditional cigarettes. Big Tobacco has resurrected their old marketing techniques to addict a new generation to their products.
Familiar characters, promises of weight loss, it’s nothing new for these industry giants.
There are no long term studies on the health effects of vaping. Some chemicals in e-liquids are approved for ingestion, NOT inhalation. Nicotine & marijuana, whether smoked or vaped, still have the same health effects on the developing brain and body (decreased concentration, impaired driving, increased risk of addiction, etc.). People who are around those who vape are still exposed to second- and third-hand smoke.
According to the Journal of Pediatrics, people who vape have higher concentrations of five highly toxic chemicals in their bodies (acrylonitrile, acrolein, acrylamide, propylene oxide, and crotonaldehyde). These chemicals are also found in the bodies of traditional smokers. Doctors are expecting to find heart disease and cancer will be two long-term effects of vaping.
Talking about Vaping
To share your concern with someone who is vaping:
Before the talk
Know the facts
Be patient and ready to listen
Set a positive example by being tobacco-free
Start the conversation
Find the right moment
Ask for support
Answer their questions
Keep the conversation going
Share facts and resources
Remind them and repeat that not everyone is doing it!
Remember, if someone you know has been vaping they are likely addicted to nicotine. They will need assistance to quit.
Here are some places to start:
Center for Disease Control (CDC) - Information for Parents, Educators, and Health Care Providers
Center for Disease Control (CDC) - Electronic Cigarettes: Get the Facts
Center on Addiction - Recreational Vaping 101: What is Vaping
Child Mind Institute - Teen Vaping: What You Need to Know
Stanford Medicine - E-Cigarettes and Vape Pens
Gizmodo - Why E-Cigarettes Might Not Be as Safe as You Think
Still Blowing Smoke - There’s A Lot the E-Cig Industry Isn’t Telling Us About Vaping
Partnership for Drug-free Kids - How to Talk with Your Kids About Vaping
For more information or to schedule a training please contact CANDLE’s Program Director, Annie Scott at 845-634-6677 ext. 13.